The most important things that we discussed in our analysis of both the American and French Revolution were their respective causes and effects. I would like to look at the causes and effects of the Haitian Revolution in this blog post.
First, to provide some background the French for the manufacturing of sugar was using information, Haiti, or Saint Domingue. Sugarcane was abundant on Haiti and therefore made it the perfect location for production. However, the cultivation of the sugarcane required much manual labor. This is where the enslaved population of Haiti came into play. These slaves were Africans who had been brought to Haiti by boat. The first cause of the Haitian Revolution is the extreme pain and oppression that was endured by the slaves of the sugar plantations. They were forced to work long hours in the hot Sun and were tortured and battered by their masters and plantation owners. This would ultimately lead to wide rebellion across the island.
Another cause of the Haitian Revolution was the class system that had been imposed. This social ladder was determined predominantly on the sole basis of skin color and race. The more African blood you had in your family lineage, the lower on the social ladder you were. This led them essentially live at the mercy of their white counterparts who controlled their very existence.
The final cause of the Haitian Revolution, and perhaps the most significant, was the influence of the French Revolution. Before the violence of the Haitian Revolution broke out, the French Revolution had already begun. Since many boats constantly traveled from France to Haiti, news of the Revolution was transported to the islanders. The docks and ports became a center of news to the islanders. It was by this occurrence that the islanders adopted the revolutionary mindset of the French mainland and the slaves began to rise up.
The violence of the slave rebellion lasted for many years, but when it was over, there had been many effects on the island and its people. Ultimately, after defeating the French forces, Jean Jacques Dessalines declared the independence of the island of Saint Domingue, and also created the new sovereign nation called Haiti. Haiti was the second independent state of the Americas, and had become so as a result of the first successful large-scale slave rebellion in history. Therefore, the slaves gained freedom from their masters and plantation owners as another effect. Despite these effects that the Haitian Revolution had on the island and its people, the United States initially refused to recognize the new nation. However, this soon changed as both America and France required Haiti for economic interests. This effect of the revolution revealed the nations' dependency on Haiti making it all the more important.
How were the causes and effects of the Haitian Revolution similar to those of the American and French Revolution?
If so, how were they similar?
If not, what made them different?